quarta-feira, 31 de outubro de 2007

Desenho de David, de Iván Morales

O espanhol “Desenho de David” é um filme sobre jovens. A primeira coisa que me veio à cabeça é que os jovens no cinema estão quase sempre perdidos, sem rumo e sem propósito. Seja como for, o crucial aqui não é a história e sim a forma como o personagem principal a registra. O protagonista não é o David do título, mas Pons, um garoto de talento. Bom desenhista, ele grava suas memórias através dos traços no papel. Mas não todas elas: apenas os momentos felizes, para que ele não os esqueça. Sobre David, pode-se dizer que seja o personagem principal da vida de Pons e seu melhor amigo. Ele aparece em todos os desenhos do rapaz, sempre sorrindo, esboçando uma gargalhada. David representa a alegria dos dias de Pons, com sua jovialidade inconseqüente.

A maior parte das imagens é em preto-e-branco, para dar a idéia de uma vida sem cor. Afinal, completando o que eu já havia dito, os jovens no cinema são normalmente personagens perdidos, angustiados, que vagam sem propósito. Apenas os desenhos (e um episódio captado em vídeo por um personagem dentro do próprio filme) são coloridos. E se os desenhos são a representação dos bons momentos de Pons, faz sentido que sua vida ganhe cor no papel. Pensando de uma forma mais ampla poderíamos entender ainda outra idéia nas entrelinhas: a de que a vida só tem cor no registro. Dessa proposta resulta uma fotografia linda, um elemento de luxo que acrescenta o trabalho bem feito que é este filme.

Durante uma festa tudo muda para os dois amigos. David comete um crime inesperado e a partir dali a relação entre os dois e o cotidiano não poderiam mais ser os mesmos. A alegria jovial estava irremediavelmente ameaçada, talvez perdida. Por isso, Pons rasga os seus desenhos: as boas memórias com David que não existiriam mais. O amigo pede que ele o desenhe, mas Pons não consegue delinear o rosto transtornado de David. Com uma história engraçada, o desenhista arranca gargalhadas do amigo e sua expressão alegre vai para o papel. Fica claro, então, o que já se pôde perceber numa cena em que Pons e uma moça voltam de ônibus da festa: ele não consegue (e não quer) representar coisas ruins no caderno. Isto mancharia suas memórias felizes, "tão raras", como ele reclama.

O filme em momento algum encontra problemas para se expressar. Ao contrário, segue seu rumo com segurança. "Desenho de David" é visualmente bonito, além de coeso e sincero no que diz respeito à narrativa. A criatividade e a capacidade de transmitir idéias através dos filmes (afinal, há por aí dúzias de cinematografias que não conseguem o mesmo feito) faz do cinema espanhol um dos mais curiosos de hoje em dia. Este curta-metragem humilde e doce não envergonha seu país.

(Isabella Goulart)

"Desenho de David" está na Competitiva Internacional 5.

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